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>> Indian Diaspora in Latin America & Caribbean

Latin America and the Caribbean were little known in India till the nineteenth century when large numbers of Indian labourers were “indented” for work in plantations in the British colonies of Trinidad and Guyana, and the Dutch colony of Suriname. This was in pursuance of the laws abolishing slavery which led to the severe reduction of plantation labour in European colonies. Indian indentured labour was formally contracted for a period of three years at a time, but given the geographic distance it became impossible for the labourers to return to India, leading to a concentration of populations of Indian origin in Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname and Guyana.

Other countries in the Caribbean, mainly Jamaica, also received significant migration, as did smaller islands – St Maarten, Curacao, Aruba, St Thomas - mainly of Indian traders, and of more recent origin, around early twentieth century. Panama, in Central America also has a significant population of Indian origin (few thousand).

In the rest of Latin America there are smaller pockets of Indian diaspora – a few hundred in Northern Chile; a few hundred around Sao Paula (Brazil) and a few dozen in the area of Santa Cruz (Bolivia). In the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean there are scattered numbers with a few families in the most of the major countries.


Indian Diaspora in the Caribbean (Reports of Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs-MOIA)

Recent Events of Indian Diaspora in LAC